Police Violence and Birth Outcomes: How Policing in Hospitals and Communities Impacts our Health


Communities of color understand the dramatic impact police violence has on their health and the health of birthing people; however, until 2020, there has been little research published on police violence and birth. In hospitals, the presence of police and policing has continuously caused harm, making people of color feel unsafe in the place they are seeking care.

In a letter penned by the Director of SF Public Health Dr. Grant Colfax, it was cited that out of the 111 use-of-force incidents in the emergency room, 70% of them were directed at Black patients although Black patients only make up 24% of ER visits. To address the harms of policing, groups like DPHMustDivest have called upon the San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFDPH) to remove the Sherriffs' presence from SFDPH clinics and SF General Hospital. 

Join us for this important Collaboratory as we hear first-hand about how fatal police violence impacts pregnancy and preterm birth, present novel research, and learn about community organizing working to de-police the hospital.



Passcode: 174038

Learning Objectives

  • Understand the relationship between police killings and preterm birth in the overall population, and the stronger relationships for Black mothers when the victim was Black
  • Learn how and why organizations like DPH Must Divest are calling for action and alternatives to policing at hospitals and clinics
  • Learn how leadership roles can advocate on important issues such as the presence of law enforcement at hospitals


Katrina Ciraldo, MD

Katrina Ciraldo, MD | DPH Must Divest

Katrina Ciraldo, MD is a family physician who is nearing completion of an Addiction Medicine Fellowship in the Department of HIV, ID, and Global Medicine. She trained at Boston Medical Center and then completed an obstetrics fellowship at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center. She is interested in improving the health of people who use drugs and alcohol, especially focused on pregnant and parenting people. She advocates for just policies and believes in non-judgmental clinical care that can counter the disproportionate harms of the ongoing racist War on Drugs. During her fellowship, she has been a prenatal provider at Team Lily, an SFGH-based clinic for pregnant and postpartum people with substance use disorders, homelessness, and/or severe mental illness. She has also been a member of DPH Must Divest, advocating for increased safety for patients and staff at SFGH through removal of law enforcement and investment in trauma-informed, accountable, and effective alternatives. 

Dana Goin

Dana Goin, Ph.D. | UCSF Researcher

Dana Goin is a postdoctoral scholar for the UCSF's Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment. She received a PhD in Epidemiology and an MA in Biostatistics from the University of California, Berkeley. Her research focuses on social and environmental factors that shape population-level differences in maternal and perinatal health and the biologic and behavioral mechanisms that explain those disparities. She is also a methodologist who works to identify and address limitations in current epidemiologic research practices, with the goal of producing more impactful research for clinical and policy decision-makers. Dana will be presenting her paper, Occurrence of fatal police violence during pregnancy and hazard of preterm birth in California.

Tiana McMillan

Tiana McMillan | PTBi Community Advisory Board - Fresno

Tiana McMillan is a PTBi Community Advisory Board Member and a proud native of Fresno. In addition to working full time in identity theft, she is a mom of a one-year-old, and a passionate advocate for mental health, mothers and children, and Black families. She has recently been certified as an RI International Peer Support Specialist in maternal mental health.

Amy Murtha, MD

Amy Murtha, MD | Chair, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Perinatologist

Dr. Amy Murtha is a specialist in maternal-fetal medicine, which focuses on managing the health concerns of high-risk mothers and fetuses before, during, and for a short period after pregnancy. Her research has focused on understanding the causes and management of preterm birth.  She chairs the UCSF Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences.