Recommended Readings

Why America’s Black Mothers and Babies Are in a Life-or-Death Crisis
Linda Villarosa- Link- New York Times, April 2018

Nothing Protects Black Women From Dying in Pregnancy and Childbirth
Nina Martin, ProPublica, and Renee Montagne, NPR News- Link-  December 2017

Battling Over Birth: Black Women & The Maternal Health Care Crisis in California
Chinyere Oparah, Linda Jones, Dantia Hudson, Talita Oseguera and Helen Arega, Black Women Birthing Justice- Link

Why are so many of San Francisco's black mothers and babies dying? 
Leslie Casimir, The Guardian- Link- June 2018

Health Equity

Toward a Fourth Generation of Disparities Research to Achieve Health Equity
Stephen Thomas, Sandra Crouse Quinn, James Butler, Craig Fryer, Mary Garza - PDF - Annual Review of Public Health, 2011

The Curb-Cut Effect
Angela Glover-Blackwell- Link - Standord Social Innovation Review, Winter 2017

Epidemiology and the Web of Causation: Has Anyone Seen the Spider?
Nancy Krieger- Link- Social Science and Medicine, 1994

Doing Things Differently

Saving Science
Daniel Sarewitz - PDF - The New Atlantis, 2016

Slow Ideas
Atul Gawande - Link - The New Yorker, July 29, 2013 issue


Worry about Racial Discrimination: A Missing Piece of the Puzzle of Black-White Disparities in Preterm Birth?
Paula Braverman, Katherine Heck, Susan Egerter, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Christine Rinki, Kristen Marchi, Michael Curtis - PDF - PLOS One, 2017

Levels of Racism: A Theoretical Framework and a Gardener’s Tale
Camara Phyllis Jones - PDF - American Journal of Public Health, 2000